The 108 Defilements
2023

A pocket book listing all the 108 kilesa (defilements) -- every defilements and troubles of mind that human will ever encounter according to the theory of the Abhidharma Buddhism school Sarvāstivādins (說一切有部 - the school of all that exists).

The defilements was categorized in three groups: the defilements in the desire realm, the form realm, and the formless realm, plus the ten "bonds".

The texts were taken from the book A history of Indian Buddhism by Akira Hirakawa, the photos and the fungus gnats sticker were taken from home of a dear friend.

Reference: A history of Indian Buddhism by Akira Hirakawa



A lovely essay on the project by painter Naomi Serov.